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Становление государства ЧерногорскогоThe History of the MontenegroNastanak crnogorske države

9 Июль 2013 358

Старый БарИстория Черногории, как и ее природа, очень яркая и красочная. Несмотря на все перипетии в истории, постоянным и главным стремлением этого маленького государства, оставалось стремление к свободе и независимости. Каждый уголок Черногории готов подdavnuybarThe history of Montenegro, is rather bright and colorful as its nature. Despite all the difficulties it had to come across and turns in its history, a permanent and the main will of this small country was a will for freedom and independence. Every place in Montenegro is ready to tell the travelers its involving stories starting from the periods of the Roman Empire to the modern era. Although Montenegro is a small piece of the Balkan Peninsula, it is ready to tell a lot about its history.

The first time when appeared the name «Montenegro», according to one version, was found in the chronicles of the monastery of St. Nicholas in Vranzhine, dated back to the year 1296; due to another version, this name was mentioned first in the Charter of King Milutin in 1276. The name of the state is connected with the mountain Lovcen, located near the old capital, Cetinje. The mountain is covered with so thick and dark forests, that when look at it, the mountain is thought to be black.

First Slavic tribes came to the territories of the Balkan Peninsula from the Baltic region in the VI-th century, oppressed by the Germans. At the beginning of the VII-th century here Slavic state named Duklja was formed, and which was occupying a large area of the peninsula; officially Duklja was a part of the Byzantine Empire, due to this the Christianity became the main religion in the region.
Duklja, the «mother» of Montenegro first got the independence in 1042, in the end of a battle with the Byzantine troops near the town Bar. After that it often was losing and returning its independence, but ispite of this, continued to fight for it.

Throughout its history, the territory of modern Montenegro bore different names — Duklja, Zeta Balsic, State of Tsrnovicha, was under the Byzantine Empire, under the Kingdom of Serbia, the Venetian kingdom, the Ottoman Empire and under the Austro-Hungarian kingdom.

It became the state of Montenegro in 1698, thanks to the elected governor, Metropolitan Danilo Shchepchevich Petrovich Njegos, the founder of the most influential and imortant in governing Petrovic’s dynasty, who united the tribes and clans into a state which lived in a tiny area near the Cetinje.

By the way, the absolute independence from the yoke of Turkey, ruled in the Balkan Peninsula for almost 400 years, Montenegro earned because of the help of troops of the Russian Empire; after that in the late 18-th and the beginning of the 19-th century, a proverb was popular among Montenegrins: «Believe only God and the Russian Tsar.»

Montenegrins love and respect their history, and if you ask some Montenegrin to tell you something from the history, please, be ready for many hours of listening to the long story; and if you ask, how many years Montenegro has been under the rule of the Turks, you will surely hear this answer: «Crna Gora nikada nije bila pod turskom vlašću!» (that it translated as «Montenegro has never been under Turkish rule! ")...

<!--:ru-->О культуре Черногории<!--:--><!--:en-->About the culture of Montenegro<!--:--> О культуре ЧерногорииAbout the culture of Montenegro <!--:ru-->Церкви в Будве<!--:--> Церкви в Будве <!--:ru-->Старая крепость Оногошт, Никшич<!--:--> Старая крепость Оногошт, Никшич

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